ISO 9001: 2015 Quality Control Systems is an ISO standard of the International Organization for Standardization, which can be applied to any type of product and implements the Plan-Do-Verify-Act (PHVA) cycle and thinking based on Risks within the company. It is recommended for those companies that have a wide market or a varied production and want to have formal evidence of the adequacy of their processes and the satisfaction of their customers.
ISO 22000: Food Safety is an ISO standard of the International Organisation for Standardization on food safety during the entire supply chain. It is an appropriate process certification for companies that do not have the capacity to assume more demanding standards that also certify the product, such as the FSSC 22000, BRC or the IFS, but who nevertheless want to offer guarantees of their processes to their customers.
Global GAP, which means “good agriculture practices”, is an international standard that certifies that primary production is carried out based on them. It is essential for farmers who want to test the quality and safety of their product, ensures criteria of sustainability, hygiene and welfare of workers and respect for animals. Being the most widespread in Europe is usually a requirement to access the formal retail market.
Ecological production. The certified organic production seal distinguishes those producers who comply with said European regulations, a series of rules and restrictions to ensure a safe product with minimal environmental impact and minimum waste. With the increase in environmental awareness there has also been an increase in the demand for organic products and this certification allows companies to access these consumers.
British Retail Consortium (BRC) is a standard that certifies the suitability and quality of the production processes, as well as the final products, so it goes one step further than the ISO, which cover processes. When a company aspires to get demanding customers, such as large European supermarket chains, it must opt for this type of certification. Although the BRC standard arises in Britain, it is valid internationally and is recognized by the Global Food Safety Initiative.
International Food Standard (IFS) is a food safety standard recognized by the Global Food Safety Initiative for agrifood companies. It focuses on the safety and food quality of processed products or those that have risks of contamination during a primary packaging. This is a very similar standard to that of the BRC, but it has a broader geographic spectrum of acceptance, as well as somewhat less demanding requirements.
FSSC 2200 is based on ISO 22000 of food safety, but goes one step further by certifying the product and not just the processes. For this reason this standard is more demanding and will be necessary to access certain customers such as the European supermarkets with high quality control requirements.
QS Quality Scheme for Food certifies the quality and food safety of fresh food products with a life cycle perspective, examining each step of the chain in a way that ensures traceability and quality control from primary production to commercialization. It is a German standard and therefore suitable for companies that want to enter that market.